Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in Cyprus, second only to cardiovascular disease, but per the Ministry of Health, the number of deaths caused by cancer increased by 19%, to 5.3% for cardiovascular diseases, making it an even bigger and ever-growing threat. Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men and is responsible for 2.9% of all male deaths in Cyprus, and 3% of all male deaths in Europe.
While that may seem small, what the figure actually says is that at least 30 men out of 100,000, die of prostate cancer each year in Cyprus. For a type cancer that can be treated, prevented, and managed, that is too much. The Prostate is a small gland that is found below the bladder in men. It produces seminal fluid for sperm and also helps to control urine. A tumor growth in the gland could lead to prostate cancer.
The symptoms of prostate cancer include; frequent urination and difficulty to control urine, painful ejaculation and blood in semen and even erectile dysfunction. Sometimes it could have no noticeable symptom, which makes it even more dangerous.
Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer diagnosed in men, not only in Cyprus but in the world, so it is a global problem.
The good news is that it can be treated, but first, it needs to be diagnosed, and early as well. The problem sometimes with prostate cancer is that it has no particular symptom in some instances, while at other times, the cancer is very aggressive, and spreads quickly from the prostate, making it even harder to treat and possibly terminal.
One of the key things to note in treatment is the extent of the cancer. If the cancer is still confined to the prostate, then there is a very high chance of successful and complete treatment, but once cancer has metastasised (moved to other organs) then it becomes much more dangerous and difficult to treat
When the cancer is diagnosed early and still just inside the prostate, the treatment can be pretty straightforward and is most effective. The most common treatment for early-stage prostate cancer is radiation therapy, brachytherapy which uses radioactive seeds implanted into the prostate, to kill the tumor, while in other cases, a radical prostatectomy can be performed to surgically remove the prostate.
In cases where the cancer is not diagnosed early, chemotherapy is the most sought-after treatment, or in other cases, hormone therapy.
One of the bigger effects of prostate cancer is its reduction of fertility in men. The prostate is part of the male reproductive system, and so prostate cancer and any treatment usually reduce the chances of fatherhood, or in unlucky/extreme cases, ends it all together.
Prostate cancer usually doesn’t show up until men reach the age of 45 and above, which provides ample time to make sure we keep it away.
The risk factors of prostate cancer include; age, family history of cancer, obesity, and diet. Knowing these risk factors and what role they play in bringing about prostate cancer, go a long way in prepping yourself and keeping clear of the path of prostate cancer, or at least reducing its chances.
A healthy and consistent diet, controlled and balanced weight, will go a long way in keeping off the path of prostate cancer.